- Quote :
- 1Co 14:34 The women should keep quiet in the churches, for they are not authorized to speak, but should take a secondary and subordinate place, just as the Law also says. [Gen. 3.]
1Co 14:35 But if there is anything they want to learn, they should ask their own husbands at home, for it is disgraceful for a woman to talk in church [for her to usurp and exercise authority over men in the church].
1Co 14:36 What! Did the word of the Lord originate with you [Corinthians], or has it reached only you?
This is an interesting passage and one that I believe has not been rightly divided for ages, and led to much quenching of women called of God to minister.
It was the Hebrew custom for questions to be sent to a Rabbi of the time so that he could respond. 1 Corinthians is a book of questions and answers. I believe verses 34-35 are the question, and verse 36 is Rabbi Paul's response. "What! Did the word of the Lord originate with you, or has it reached only you?"
This is clearly a rebuke. The Corinthian church must receive instruction, not give it. It did not send out the word of God, but the word of God was sent to it. They were to consider the practice of the Churches in Judea.... the very first Churches from whence they received the message of the Gospel of Christ.... concerning women speaking in the Church.
However, it must be understood that both Ephesus (where Timothy pastored) and Corinth were Grecian Churches. In this culture at that time it was a shame for a woman to speak in public. Only disreputable women did this. Respectable women did not. So for a woman to speak in public would have labelled her shameless and brought disrepute. To be thought virtuous a woman in this culture kept herself secluded. So to allow this to go unmanaged in the Church asembly would have brought shame on the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
There is no hint of such prohibition in any other Churches except Grecian.
Were women called of God in the Old Testment? Deborah was called as a judge and a prophetess. Huldah was called as a prophetess. In Joel we see he predicted that "the sons and daughters should prophesy" (Joel 2:28). Peter spoke of this in Acts 2:4 saying this was fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost.
In the New Testment the daughters of Philip prophesied (Acts 21:9), and in 1Cor 11:5, Paul gives instructions about women prophesying.